The two main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. A person with diabetes either does not make insulin or is resistant to the insulin his/her body produces, resulting in high blood sugar levels that can cause damage to the small blood vessels in many organs, including the kidneys. High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels increases. If uncontrolled, or poorly controlled, high blood pressure can lead to heart attacks, strokes and chronic kidney disease. CKD can also cause high blood pressure.

Talk with your doctor about the cause of your kidney disease, and consider keeping a Health Diary to note important information about your medical history, your kidneys, and your general health. A health diary helps you keep track of medications you take, results of your lab tests, treatments for your other health conditions, your weight, your diet, and doctor visits that are scheduled.

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